Bible Word Study





Updated for Logos 8+

See the Guides wiki for an explanation of the important differences
between Guides in Logos 8+ and earlier versions.


Page Contents



What is the Bible Word Study Guide?

  • The Bible Word Study guide (BWS) will aid you in exploring and learning about a Bible word and how it is used throughout the Bible.
    Use the Exegetical guide if you are looking to see how a word is used relative to a specific verse.
  • BWS has two formats, depending on the type of word you entered:
  • There are various sections in the guide which provide:
    • Definitions for your word
    • Different translations of your word
    • Example uses of your word
    • Grammatical Relationships of your word
    • Prepositional uses of your word
    • Textual searches for occurrences of your word; and
    • more...


How do I open the Bible Word Study Guide?


Opening from the Guides Menu

 

If not pinned to the top of the Guides menu, scroll down and

  • Click on Bible Word Study
    or
  • Select a Custom Guide e.g. Custom BWS


Opening from the right click menu


  

  1. In your Bible, right click on a word.
  2. In the Context menu, click on the Lemma to lookup the original language word, or
    click on Selection to lookup the English word
  3. On the other side, click on Bible Word Study, or
    scroll down to select a custom guide.



Using English words

  • You can use the Bible Word Study guide with English words to study the original language word(s) from which it is translated. So you will need a Reverse Interlinear bible.
  • When you type a word in the Word box in English, Logos will use your highest prioritized reverse interlinear by default, but it can be changed later.
  • To get information for an English word relative to a specific Bible translation e.g. ESV, NAS, KJV, you should open your desired Bible and find the word that you want to study, then use the right click method to open BWS.

Topic section

  • Logos will find bible topics or definitions for your study word:
    – topics from your Bible Dictionaries; and/or
    – defintions from your primary English dictionary (if prioritized with your Bible Dictionaries).


  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. Hover your mouse over the section heading and click on Settings.
    The drop down menu will allow you to select an alternative collection of your bible dictionaries.
  3. These are resources e.g. bible dictionaries, where Logos found an article for your study word.
    • If you hover your mouse over a resource link, a pop-up window will appear with the article from that resource.
    • If you click on the resource link it will open that resource in another tab.
  4. Click on this more >> link to see additional resources for your study word.
  5. If you click on + Add note/+ Notes, it will allow you to enter a note (stored in the Notes tool).



Hebrew words section

  • This section will show you Hebrew words that can be translated into your English study word.
  • You can use the ring to view scripture in which your study word was translated from a Hebrew word.

 

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. This is the Bible version from which your study word was referenced.
  3. This graph shows you:
    • The number on the left is the number of times that your study word is found as translated from Hebrew in the Bible version you used.
    • If you hover your mouse slowly over the graph it will show you the word count per book of the Bible.
    • If you click on the graph, Logos will open a new tab with a graph of count per book.
      See Charts or Graph Bible Search Results
  4. This is your English study word.
    • If you click on your study word Logos will show all scripture references in which your study word is found when translated from Hebrew. These are shown under the ring graphic.
    • To hide the scripture reference, click on your study word.
  5. The words around the outside of the ring are Hebrew words which your study word was translated from.
  6. Notice that the ring has colored segments next to each Hebrew word.


    • a) If you hover your mouse over a segment in the ring, Logos will show you a pop-up window.
    • b) The pop-up window will show you a ring which has other English words that were translated from that Hebrew word.



    • c) If you click on one of the segments, Logos will pull that segment out from the ring, then Logos will show you scripture references under the ring. These are scriptures for your study word which used this Hebrew word.
    • d) This is the Hebrew word for the segment that you clicked on.
      If you click on it, Logos will open another BWS to this Hebrew word.
    • e) This is the transliteration of the word.
      To the right is the number of scriptures found for this Hebrew word when it was translated to your study word.
    • f) This is the scripture reference to the Hebrew word, if you click on this Logos will open your preferred Bible to this location.
    • g) This is your study word as shown in this scripture.
      If you click on this Logos will open the scripture in the Bible version that you used to open BWS.
    • If you click on the segment in the ring again, it will hide the scripture references under the ring and move the segment back into the ring.
  7. If you click on + Add note/Notes, it will allow you to enter a note (stored in the Notes tool).


  8. If you right click on the ring graphic, a drop down menu will appear.
    • You can click on one of the entries to export the graphic image per the clicked item.
    • If you have scripture showing under the ring, then it will be included in the graphic.


  9. You can change the Bible version used by the Hebrew section.
    Hover you mouse over the section heading and notice that Settings appears; click on Settings and a drop down list appears:
    • Default Bible is the version used to create this BWS.
    • Choose a Bible version from the list.



Greek words section

  • This section will show you Greek words that can be translated into your English study word.
  • You can use the ring to view scripture in which your study word was translated from a Greek word.

  

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. This is the Bible version from which your study word was referenced.
  3. This graph shows you:
    • The number on the left is the number of times that your study word is found as translated from Greek in the Bible version you used.
    • If you hover your mouse slowly over the graph it will show you the word count per book of the Bible.
    • If you click on the graph, Logos will open a new tab with a graph of count per book.
      See Charts or Graph Bible Search Results
  4. This is your English study word.
    • If you click on your study word, Logos will show all scripture references in which your study word is found when translated from Greek. These are shown under the ring graphic.
    • To hide the scripture reference, click on your study word.
  5. The words around the outside of the ring are Greek words which your study word was translated from.
  6. The segments in the ring function as in the Hebrew words section.
  7. If you click on + Add note/Notes, it will allow you to enter a note (stored in the Notes tool).


  8. If you right click on the ring graphic, a drop down menu will appear.
    • You can click on one of the entries to export the graphic image per the clicked item.
    • If you have scripture showing under the ring, then it will be included in the graphic.


  9. You can change the Bible version used by the Greek section.
    Hover you mouse over the section heading and notice that Settings appears, click on Settings and a drop down list appears.
    • Default Bible is the version used to create this BWS.
    • Choose a Bible version from the list.



Textual search section Eng

  • This section will show you the hit count for your study word in different Bible translations.
  • This can be useful in seeing how frequent or infrequent your study word is used.

  

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. Bibles under here are those in which your study word occurs in your top 5 Prioritized Bibles. If you click on one of these links, Logos will use Search to find your study word.
  3. These show the hit count for your study word.
  4. If you click on + Add note/Notes, it will allow you to enter a note (stored in the Notes tool).



Using Original language words

  • The Bible Word Study guide will allow you to study the Lemma form of an original language word from your Bible i.e. Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek.
    The Lemma is the base word that would be looked up in a dictionary or lexicon, whilst the word that appears in the original language text is referred to as the Manuscript word.
  • Most of the Old Testament was written in Hebrew, whilst some parts of a few books were written in Aramaic (see the resource A General Introduction to the Bible).
  • The New Testament was written in Greek.
  • See Opening from the right click menu on how to open the BWS to an original language word from one of your Bibles
    using the right click menu saves you from having to type in an original language word.

Lemma section

  • This section will show lexicon or dictionary definitions for your word.

  

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. This is the original language word that you are studying.
  3. Click here to have Logos pronounce the word.
  4. This is the transliteration of the word.
  5. This is a gloss definition (abbreviated general definition).
  6. This graph shows you:
    • The number on the left is the number of times that the word is found in the Bible translation you used.
    • If you hover your mouse slowly over the graph it will show you the word count per book.
    • If you click on the graph, Logos will open a Graph of usage per book.
  7. These are lexicons that your word was found in. A excerpt from them may appear to the right of the book link.
    If you click on the lexicon link, Logos will open that resource to the word you are studying.
  8. more appears for lexicons that are not displayed. Clicking on it will show a full list.
    Refresh (F5) the guide to restore the list.
  9. If you click on + Add note/Notes, it will allow you to enter a note (stored in the Notes tool).


Translation section

  • The translation ring gives you a wealth of information.
  • Notice the Bible translation in your heading (ESV in the image below).
    • When you use the right click method to open BWS, the translation ring shows you how words were translated for your study word from that Bible translation.
    • If you opened the BWS guide from the menu and typed in a word, Logos will use your preferred Bible translation.



  

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. This graph shows you:
    • The number on the left is the number of times that your study word is found in the Bible translation you used.
    • If you hover your mouse slowly over the graph it will show you the word count per book of the Bible.
    • If you click on the graph, Logos will open a new tab with a graph of count per book.
      See Charts or Graph Bible Search Results
  3. This is the translation ring.
  4. This is your study word.
    • If you click on your study word, Logos will show all scripture references in which your study word appears.
    • When you click in the center of the ring again, the scriptures are hidden.
  5. This is a gloss for your study word. (abbreviated definition)
  6. These are the word(s) translated from your study word.
  7. The segments in the ring function as in the Hebrew words section.
  8. If you click on + Add note/Notes, it will allow you to enter a note (stored in the Notes tool).


Septuagint Translation section

  • This will only appear or be enabled when your study word is a Greek word and is found in the Septuagint.
  • This is useful in seeing how your study word was used in an older work (the 2nd or 3rd century BC).
  • Remember that the Septuagint is (mostly) a Greek translation from the Hebrew original language version:
    • the words around the ring will show the Hebrew word(s) that your study word was translated from.
    • For more info on the Septuagint see the wikipedia Septuagint.
    • LXX is an mnemonic for the Septuagint.
  • Your highest prioritized reverse-interlinear Septuagint is used e.g. Logos LXX.


  

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. This graph functions similarly to the Hebrew words section.
  3. This is your study word. See Hebrew words section for details of its use.
  4. This is a gloss for your study word (abbreviated definition).
  5. This is the translation ring.
  6. These are the original language words which your study word was translated from.
  7. The segments in the ring function as in the Hebrew words section.
  8. If you click on + Add note/Notes, it will allow you to enter a note (stored in the Notes tool).


Example uses section

  • This section will show grammatical uses of your study word in different scriptures.
  • It will find the more frequent translated meanings and show you a few examples.

  

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. Click here to view the scripture examples in English. (this is the default)
  3. Click here to view the scripture examples in the Original language as indicated by the link text.
  4. These are headings for the grammatical uses in the example scriptures. You will find the more frequent translations which pertain to this grammatical form of the word.
  5. These are the scripture references. Notice that they are links. If you click on one of these links, Logos will open your preferred Bible to that reference.
  6. Notice this column is highlighted. Logos shows you the translated words from your study word and aligns them in a column for easy comparison.
    Also notice that Logos shows you a different translated form of the word in each example under this grammatical usage.
  7. If you click on + Add note/Notes, it will allow you to enter a note (stored in the Notes tool).


Grammatical Relationships section

  • This section will show you most or all of the grammatical uses of your study word as how it interrelates with other words grammatically in a verse.

  

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. Hover your mouse over the section heading, and click on Settings:

    • by related word will show the grammatical relations view (default value used here).
    • verses will show the scriptures view (see step 11. for image).
    • Then you have a choice of Grammatical Relationships data
      Cascadia is the default for Greek whilst Andersen-Forbes is used for Hebrew.
  3. Notice that scripture references are grouped by grammatical tagging.
  4. This is the related original language word that works grammatically (per group) with your study word.
  5. Click this icon to hear the word pronounced.
  6. This is the transliteration of the word.
  7. This is a gloss definition (abbreviated general definition).
  8. This is the number of times that your word works grammatically with the word in step 4.
  9. If there are more words that interrelate with your study word for this grammatical group, then this link will appear. Clicking on it will show a full list.
    Refresh (F5) the guide to restore the list.


  10. Click on one of the compacted grammatical word bars to expand that word combination.
    • a) This is your study word.
    • b) This is the translation of your study word.
    • c) This is the grammatical word from step 4.
    • d) This is the translation of the grammatical word.
      • If you click on any of these words it will open the the reverse interlinear bible from which you started BWS.
  11. When you select by verse from step 2 your grammatical display will be shown as below.



  12. If you click on + Add note/Notes, it will allow you to enter a note (stored in the Notes tool).


Preposition use section

  • This section will show you all occasions where your study word is used with a preposition.
  • Logos shows you an easy to use graphic for preposition use.
    • The placement of each preposition can help you understand the preposition’s meaning.
    • When you hold your mouse over some of the prepositions you will notice animated action.

   

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. These are prepositions which are found with your study word.
    • Ones that are active (darker) are used with your study word.
    • The inactive ones (lighter) are not used with your study word.



  3. If you hold your mouse over one of the active prepositions a pop-up information window appears.
    • The first line in the pop-up shows you:
      1. The preposition in original language.
      2. The transliteration of the preposition.
      3. The number of times this preposition is used with your study word.
    • The second line shows you a gloss of the preposition (abbreviated definition)
  4. If you click on a preposition in the graphic, Logos shows you a word bar for the selected preposition.
    On the left side of the bar is the case of the prepositional phrase and the number of hits for this prepositional phrase with your study word.
    It functions similarly to the bar in the Grammatical Relationships section.
  5. If you click on + Add note/Notes, it will allow you to enter a note (stored in the Notes tool).


Textual search section OL

  • This section shows you at a glance the frequency of usage of your study word in other resources.

   

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. These are resources in which Logos found your study word. If you click on one of these links, Logos will use Search to find your study word.
  3. These show the hit count for your study word.
  4. If you click on + Add note/Notes, it will allow you to enter a note (stored in the Notes tool).

Tip: The results for the New Testament will depend on which Original Language Bible you have prioritized in your Library. This also applies to the LXX.


Adding Sections to a Bible Word Study

Logos allows you to Add various sections to your BWS and some can be added multiple times e.g. Translation.
Sections that can be added are shown below:

Original Language Words    English Words
  
 

  • Click on Add in the toolbar to see it for youself.
  • See Logos Help for a description.
  • The ones that are grayed out are already in the guide. It also indicates that the section can only be shown once in the guide.
  • Sections which are black in color are available to be added to the guide.
  • If already in the guide it means that the section can be added more than once. Usually these can be customized via Settings after the section is added.
  • When selected the new section will appear at the bottom, but you can drag it to where you want it (or you can drag it from the menu).



Deleting a Custom BWS Guide

  1. Open the Guides menu.
  2. Locate the custom guide that you want to delete and right click on it.
  3. Click Delete.


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