Bible Word Study




Updated for Logos 6+


Page Contents



What is the Bible Word Study Guide?

  • The Bible Word Study guide (BWS) will aid you in exploring and learning about a Bible word and how it is used throughout the Bible.
    Use the Exegetical guide if you are looking to see how a word is used relative to a specific verse.
  • BWS has two formats, depending on the type of word you entered:
  • There are various sections in the guide which provide:
    • Definitions for your word
    • Different translations of your word
    • Example uses of your word
    • Grammatical Relationships of your word
    • Prepositional uses of your word
    • Textual searches for occurrences of your word; and
    • more...



How do I open the Bible Word Study Guide?

  • There are two methods for opening the Bible Word Study guide.
    • From the top menu.
    • From the right click menu inside a resource.


Opening from the top Menu

  • In the top menu click on Guides.
  • In the drop down menu click on Bible Word Study.
    • Logos will open the BWS in a new tab.
  • Click in the word box and enter your word
    • You can use the transliteration of original language words e.g. g:agape, h:bara.
  • Logos will show you a list trying to match your word, click on one of those words.
  • Press enter on your keyboard or click on the blue arrow to the right of the word box:




Opening from the right click menu

  

  1. In your Bible right click on a word.
  2. In the pop-up menu on the right, click on Selection to lookup the English word.
    Or on the right, click on Lemma to lookup the original language word.
  3. On the left side of the pop-up menu click on Bible Word Study.


  4. Logos will open the BWS in a new tab.


Opening a Saved Guide

  • Open the Guides menu and click on one of the listed(saved) Bible Word Study guides on the right:



  • (Logos 4) Saved guides are not displayed in the menu, so it is advised that you drag your guide into a Favorites folder before closing the guide. Then it can be opened from Favorites in the future.



General guide information

General

  • Click the panel icon to open the panel menu



    1. If you want the guide to display a specific passage range, click All Passages and select from the drop down menu.
    2. Refresh guide will update/restore the contents of the sections e.g. to reflect resources new to your library, or to restore content after using the more button. It won’t affect any changes you made to the sections (below).
    3. Delete this guide will restore the guide if you made changes to the sections.
    4. Edit guide template is the only way to make changes permanent (see below).


Sections

Note that any changes you make to an open guide will only have effect for the current view, but will result in the guide being saved.
You have to customize the guide to make permanent changes.

  • If you want to view additional sections:


    a) Click on the Add button on the BWS’s toolbar. A drop down list will appear. Click on the section you want to add (grayed out sections are already included).
  • If you want to close a section:



    b) Hover your mouse over a section heading.
    c) An X will appear on the right side of the heading. Click on the X to remove that section.
  • If you want rearrange the order of the sections:



    d) Click on the section that you want to move.
    e) Drag it to a new location and drop it.
  • Or you can select from a menu:



    f) Right click on the section heading.
    g) A drop down menu will appear and you can make a selection.



Using English words

  • You can use the Bible Word Study guide with English words to study the original language word(s) from which it is translated. So you will need a Reverse Interlinear bible.
  • When you type a word in the Word box in English, Logos will use your highest prioritized reverse interlinear by default, but it can be changed later (see below).
  • To get information for an English word relative to a specific Bible translation (e.g. ESV, NAS, KJV, etc) you should open your desired Bible and find the word that you want to study, then use the right click method to open BWS.
  • If you want to follow along with this example:
    • Open one of your Bibles to a passage that you want to study.



    1. Find the word that you want to study and right click on it.
    2. On the right side of the pop-up (Context) menu, click on Selection.
    3. On the left side of the Context menu, click on Bible Word Study.

Title and Description section Eng

  • When you use this section or add notes to one of the other sections, Logos will save a copy of this guide.

  

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. Click here and add a Title. This can help you remember your thoughts when you studied this word.
  3. Click here if you want to add a description for this word’s study.
  4. Logos will keep track of the Date/Time when the study was created or modified.



Topic section

  • Logos will find bible topics or definitions for your study word:
    – topics from your Bible Dictionaries; and/or
    – defintions from your primary English dictionary if prioritized with your Bible Dictionaries.



Logos 4/5

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. Hover your mouse over the section heading and click on Settings. The drop down menu will allow you to select an alternative collection of your bible dictionaries.
  3. (Logos 4/5) This is an English dictionary which Logos used to look up your study word (depending on your Prioritization for dictionaries).
  4. (Logos 4/5) This is a definition for your study word.
  5. (Logos 4/5) If you click on the More link, Logos will open your dictionary for an expanded view.
  6. These are resources e.g. bible dictionaries, where Logos found an article for your study word.

    • If you hover your mouse over these resource links, a pop-up window will appear with the article from that resource.
    • If you click on the resource link it will open that resource in another tab.
  7. This more >> link will appear when Logos has found additional resources for your study word. When you click on it, the list will be expanded to show you those resource links.


  8. If you click on the Note tab, it will allow you to enter a note for this section.
    Any time that you add a note in your Bible Word Study guide, Logos will save this guide.



Hebrew words section

  • This section will show you Hebrew words that can be translated into your English study word.
  • You can use the ring to view scripture in which your study word was translated from a Hebrew word.


  

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. This is the Bible version from which your study word was referenced.
  3. This graph shows you:
    • The number on the left is the number of times that your study word is found as translated from Hebrew in the Bible version you used.
    • If you hover your mouse slowly over the graph it will show you the word count per book of the Bible.
    • If you click on the graph, Logos will open a new tab with a graph of usage per book. See Graph Bible Search Results
  4. This is your English study word.
    • If you click on your study word Logos will show all scripture references in which your study word is found when translated from Hebrew. These are shown under the ring graphic.
    • To hide the scripture reference, click on your study word.
  5. The words around the outside of the ring are Hebrew words which your study word was translated from.
  6. Notice that the ring has colored segments next to each Hebrew word.


    • a) If you hover your mouse over a segment in the ring, Logos will show you a pop-up window.
    • b) The pop-up window will show you a ring which has other English words that were translated from that Hebrew word.


    • c) If you click on one of the segments, Logos will pull that segment out from the ring, then Logos will show you scripture references under the ring. These are scriptures for your study word which used this Hebrew word.
    • d) This is the Hebrew word for the segment that you clicked on.
      If you click on it, Logos will open another BWS to this Hebrew word.
    • e) This is the transliteration of the word.
      To the right is the number of scriptures found for this Hebrew word when it was translated to your study word.
    • f) This is the scripture reference to the Hebrew word, if you click on this Logos will open your preferred Bible to this location.
    • g) This is your study word as shown in this scripture.
      If you click on this Logos will open the scripture in the Bible version that you used to open BWS.
    • If you click on the segment in the ring again, it will hide the scripture references under the ring and move the segment back into the ring.


  7. If you click on the Note tab, it will allow you to enter a note here in the Hebrew words section.
    Any time that you add a note in your Bible Word Study guide, Logos will save this information.


  8. If you right click on the ring graphic, a drop down menu will appear.
    • You can click on one of the entries to export the graphic image per the clicked item.
    • If you have scripture showing under the ring, then it will be included in the graphic.


  9. You can change the Bible version used by the Hebrew section.
    Hover you mouse over the section heading and notice that Settings appears; click on Settings and a drop down list appears:
    • Default Bible is the version used to create this BWS.
    • Choose a Bible version from the list.



Greek words section

  • This section will show you Greek words that can be translated into your English study word.
  • You can use the ring to view scripture in which your study word was translated from a Greek word.


  

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. This is the Bible version from which your study word was referenced.
  3. This graph shows you:
    • The number on the left is the number of times that your study word is found as translated from Greek in the Bible version you used.
    • If you hover your mouse slowly over the graph it will show you the word count per book of the Bible.
    • If you click on the graph, Logos will open a new tab with a graph of usage per book. See Graph Bible Search Results
  4. This is your English study word.
    • If you click on your study word, Logos will show all scripture references in which your study word is found when translated from Greek. These are shown under the ring graphic.
    • To hide the scripture reference, click on your study word.
  5. The words around the outside of the ring are Greek words which your study word was translated from.
  6. The segments in the ring function as in the Hebrew words section.


  7. If you click on the Note tab, it will allow you to enter a note here in the Greek words section.
    Any time that you add a note in your Bible Word Study guide, Logos will save this information.


  8. If you right click on the ring graphic, a drop down menu will appear.
    • You can click on one of the entries to export the graphic image per the clicked item.
    • If you have scripture showing under the ring, then it will be included in the graphic.


  9. You can change the Bible version used by the Greek section.
    Hover you mouse over the section heading and notice that Settings appears, click on Settings and a drop down list appears.
    • Default Bible is the version used to create this BWS.
    • Choose a Bible version from the list.



Textual search section Eng

  • This section will show you the hit count for your study word in different Bible translations.
  • This can be useful in seeing how frequent or infrequent your study word is used.

  

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. Bibles under here are those in which your study word occurs in your top 5 Prioritized Bibles. If you click on one of these links, Logos will use Search to find your study word.
  3. These show the hit count for your study word.


  4. If you click on the Note tab, it will allow you to enter a note for this section.
    Any time that you add a note in your Bible Word Study guide, Logos will save this information.




Using Original language words

  • The Bible Word Study guide will allow you to study the Lemma form of an original language word from your Bible i.e. Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek.
    The Lemma is the base word that would be looked up in a dictionary or lexicon, whilst the word that appears in the original language text is referred to as the Manuscript word.
  • Most of the Old Testament was written in Hebrew, whilst some parts of a few books were written in Aramaic (see the resource A General Introduction to the Bible).
  • The New Testament was written in Greek.
  • See Opening from the right click menu on how to open the BWS to an original language word from one of your Bibles (using the right click menu saves you from having to type in an original language word).
  • If you want to follow along with this example:
    • Open one of your Bibles to a passage that you want to study.



    1. Find the word that you want to study and right click on it.
      (used the word authority for these examples)
    2. In the pop-up (Context) menu on the right, click on Lemma.
    3. In the Context menu on the left, click on Bible Word Study.
      Logos will open the BWS for your word.

Title and Description section OL

  • When you use this section or add notes to one of the other sections, Logos will save a copy of this guide.


  

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. Click here and add a Title. This can help you remember your thought when you studied this word.
  3. Click here if you want to add a description for this word study.
  4. Logos will keep track of the Date/Time when the study was created or modified.



Lemma section

  • This section will show lexicon or dictionary definitions for your word.

  

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. This is the original language word that you are studying.
  3. Click here to have Logos pronounce the word.
  4. This is the transliteration of the word.
  5. This is a gloss definition (abbreviated general definition).
  6. This graph shows you:
    • The number on the left is the number of times that the word is found in the Bible translation you used.
    • If you hover your mouse slowly over the graph it will show you the word count per book.
    • If you click on the graph, Logos will open a Graph of usage per book.
  7. These are lexicons that your word was found in. A excerpt from them may appear to the right of the book link.
    If you click on the lexicon link, Logos will open that resource to the word you are studying.
  8. more appears for lexicons that are not displayed. Clicking on it will show a full list.
    Refresh (F5) the guide to restore the list.
  9. If you click on the Note tab, it will allow you to enter a note for this section.
    Any time that you add a note in your Bible Word Study guide, Logos will save this guide.



Translation section

  • The translation ring gives you a wealth of information.
  • Notice the Bible translation in your heading (ESV in the image below).
    • When you use the right click method to open BWS, the translation ring shows you how words were translated for your study word from that Bible translation.
    • If you opened the BWS guide from the menu and typed in a word, Logos will use your preferred Bible translation.



  

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. This graph shows you:
    • The number on the left is the number of times that your study word is found in the Bible translation you used.
    • If you hover your mouse slowly over the graph it will show you the word count per book of the Bible.
    • If you click on the graph, Logos will open a new tab with a graph of usage per book. See Graph Bible Search Results
  3. This is the translation ring.
  4. This is your study word.
    • If you click on your study word, Logos will show all scripture references in which your study word appears.
    • When you click in the center of the ring again, the scriptures are hidden.
  5. This is a gloss for your study word. (abbreviated definition)
  6. These are the word(s) translated from your study word.
  7. The segments in the ring function as in the Hebrew words section.
  8. If you click on the Note tab, it will allow you to enter a note for this section.
    Any time that you add a note in your Bible Word Study guide, Logos will save this guide.



Septuagint Translation section

  • This will only appear or be enabled when your study word is a Greek word and is found in the Septuagint.
  • This is useful in seeing how your study word was used in an older work (the 2nd or 3rd century BC).
  • Remember that the Septuagint is (mostly) a Greek translation from the Hebrew original language version:
    • the words around the ring will show the Hebrew word(s) that your study word was translated from.
    • For more info on the Septuagint see the wikipedia Septuagint.
    • LXX is an mnemonic for the Septuagint.
  • Your highest prioritized reverse-interlinear Septuagint is used e.g. Logos LXX.


  

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. This graph functions similarly to the Hebrew words section.
  3. This is your study word. See Hebrew words section for details of its use.
  4. This is a gloss for your study word (abbreviated definition).
  5. This is the translation ring.
  6. These are the original language words which your study word was translated from.
  7. The segments in the ring function as in the Hebrew words section.
  8. If you click on the Note tab, it will allow you to enter a note for this section.
    Any time that you add a note in your Bible Word Study, Logos will save this guide.



Example uses section

  • This section will show grammatical uses of your study word in different scriptures.
  • It will find the more frequent translated meanings and show you a few examples.

  

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. Click here to view the scripture examples in English. (this is the default)
  3. Click here to view the scripture examples in the Original language as indicated by the link text.
  4. These are headings for the grammatical uses in the example scriptures. You will find the more frequent translations which pertain to this grammatical form of the word.
  5. These are the scripture references. Notice that they are links. If you click on one of these links, Logos will open your preferred Bible to that reference.
  6. Notice this column is highlighted. Logos shows you the translated words from your study word and aligns them in a column for easy comparison.
    Also notice that Logos shows you a different translated form of the word in each example under this grammatical usage.
  7. If you click on the Note tab, it will allow you to enter a note for this section.
    Any time that you add a note in your Bible Word Study guide, Logos will save this guide.



Grammatical Relationships section

  • This section will show you most or all of the grammatical uses of your study word as how it interrelates with other words grammatically in a verse.

  

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. Hover your mouse over the section heading, and click on Settings:

    • by related word will show the grammatical relations view (default value used here).
    • verses will show the scriptures view (see step 11. for image).
    • Then you have a choice of Grammatical Relationships data
      Cascadia is the default for Greek whilst Andersen-Forbes is used for Hebrew.
  3. Notice that scripture references are grouped by grammatical tagging.
  4. This is the related original language word that works grammatically (per group) with your study word.
  5. Click this icon to hear the word pronounced.
  6. This is the transliteration of the word.
  7. This is a gloss definition (abbreviated general definition).
  8. This is the number of times that your word works grammatically with the word in step 4.
  9. If there are more words that interrelate with your study word for this grammatical group, then this link will appear. Clicking on it will show a full list.
    Refresh (F5) the guide to restore the list.


  10. Click on one of the compacted grammatical word bars to expand that word combination.
    • a) This is your study word.
    • b) This is the translation of your study word.
    • c) This is the grammatical word from step 4.
    • d) This is the translation of the grammatical word.
      • If you click on any of these words it will open the the reverse interlinear bible from which you started BWS.
  11. When you select by verse from step 2 your grammatical display will be shown as below.



  12. If you click on the Note tab, it will allow you to enter a note for this section.
    Any time that you add a note in your Bible Word Study guide, Logos will save this guide.




Preposition use section

  • This section will show you all occasions where your study word is used with a preposition.
  • Logos shows you an easy to use graphic for preposition use.
    • The placement of each preposition can help you understand the preposition’s meaning.
    • When you hold your mouse over some of the prepositions you will notice animated action.

   

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. These are prepositions which are found with your study word.
    • Ones that are active (darker) are used with your study word.
    • The inactive ones (lighter) are not used with your study word.



  3. If you hold your mouse over one of the active prepositions a pop-up information window appears.
    • The first line in the pop-up shows you:
      1. The preposition in original language.
      2. The transliteration of the preposition.
      3. The number of times this preposition is used with your study word.
    • The second line shows you a gloss of the preposition (abbreviated definition)
  4. If you click on a preposition in the graphic, Logos shows you a word bar for the selected preposition.
    On the left side of the bar is the case of the prepositional phrase and the number of hits for this prepositional phrase with your study word.
    It functions similarly to the bar in the Grammatical Relationships section.


  5. If you click on the Note tab, it will allow you to enter a note for this section.
    Any time that you add a note in your Bible Word Study guide, Logos will save this guide.



Textual search section OL

  • This section shows you at a glance the frequency of usage of your study word in other resources.

   

  1. Click on the section heading to Expand or Collapse this section.
  2. These are resources in which Logos found your study word. If you click on one of these links, Logos will use Search to find your study word.
  3. These show the hit count for your study word.
  4. If you click on the Note tab, it will allow you to enter a note for this section.
    Any time that you add a note in your Bible Word Study guide, Logos will save this guide.

Tip: The results for the New Testament will depend on which Original Language Bible you have prioritized in your Library. This also applies to the LXX.



Additional Sections

Other sections that can be used with BWS will be briefly desribed here.
   

  • Eng identifies sections that are produced from an English study word.
  • [Net] means that an Internet connection is required.


Root

The Root section shows all the roots of your study word and all the lemmas derived from those roots.
Compound lemmas will have multiple roots.
     

  • Click on a root heading to run a Morph Search.
  • Click on a lemma to run a Bible Word Study for that word.


Senses

The Senses section shows all the Senses for your study word.
    


Phrases

This section shows phrases containing your study word e.g. Ἰησοῦς (Jesus)
    

  • The heading is a link that launches a Search on that phrase (whether original language or English).
  • The second line is a description/label for the phrase.
  • If present the third line is a link to a related topic/theme/person, etc.


Lemma in Passage

Logos searches through your Library for resources that discuss your study lemma. Typically, these would be commentaries where the significance of the study word is discussed.
Results can be viewed by Resource, or by resource within Passage.
    

  • Lemmas in Passage provides results where your lemma is quoted from a Bible reference (e.g. Hebrews).
  • Other Lemmas provides results where your lemma is discussed but not quoted directly from the original source material.


Clause Participants

The Clause Participants section shows a summary of clause search data (including referents). This can be viewed by Grammatical Roles (subject, object, etc.) and Semantic Roles (agent, patient, stimulus, experiencer etc.).
See this Logos Glossary for an explanation of semantic roles.
     


Case Frames

The Case Frames section shows the different sets of grammatically necessary arguments for a verb. See this Logos Glossary for further explanation.
This section will only appear when your study word is a verb.
      



Saved Bible Word Study’s

When does Logos save Guides?

Anytime that you add text within a Guide or add/delete/reposition sections Logos will save that guide. Logos saves the guide with the exact word that you entered in the Word box. For instance if you were to type in the Title box, then Logos would save the guide. The areas available for text entry are the Title box, Description box, and Notes boxes. If you use the Add button to add sections, or if you delete sections, or rearrange sections then Logos saves the guide.

Why are saved Guides completely different when viewed later?

When viewing a saved guide some time afterward you may see sections (and data) different to your current template, so just realize that its format and content is “frozen” when it is saved.


Deleting BWS Guides

Deleting a saved BWS Guide

  • Go to the Guides menu, right click a saved BWS guide and click Delete.
  • Logos 4
    1. Open your saved guide (see Opening a saved Guide)
    2. Click on the guide’s icon to see the drop down menu.
    3. Click on Delete this guide.
    4. Click on the X in the guide’s panel to close the guide.


Deleting a Custom BWS Guide

Warning: if you delete a custom BWS Guide its saved guides will also be deleted.

  1. Click on the Guides menu.
  2. In the drop down menu locate the custom guide that you want to delete and right click on it.
  3. In the pop-up menu click on Delete.



Hyperlinking and Editing

Copying the hyperlink to a BWS works the same as in other resources. An example of copying a hyperlink for a BWS guide to a note file is shown below. You could just as easily create the link in other places which support hyperlinks.




  1. Click on the BWS’s icon to open the menu.
  2. In the drop down menu click on URL. Logos creates a link to your BWS guide and stores it in the clipboard.



  3. Open a note file. (click on File in top menu, then in drop down menu click on Notes on the left)
  4. Enter your text in the body of a note. Then use your mouse to select the text that you want to be your link text.
  5. Right click in the Hyperlink box.
    1. In the pop-up menu click on Paste.



    2. Now you will see your link text turn blue, Logos has created your link to the BWS guide.


Editing text inside a BWS guide Note

You may have noticed that Logos does not provide tools for editing your notes in a BWS guide. There is a work-around shown below which will allow you to add bullets, bold, hyperlinks, etc. that are supported by the Notes document Editor.

  • Create a temporary note in a note file



  1. Open/Create a Note file from the Documents menu.
    Click on Notes to create one or find an existing Note file and click on it.
  2. In your note file, click on Add note.
  3. In the body of the note just created, type what you want to appear in the BWS guide.
    • Add hyperlink(s) as needed.
    • Add any other editing enhancement that you want.

      Now we will copy the text to the clipboard.



  4. Use your mouse to select the entire text.
    • Right click on the selected text.
    • In the pop-up menu click on Copy.

      Now we will add the text to the BWS guide’s note



  5. In the BWS guide:
    • Click on Notes in the relevant section and Paste what you copied.
    • Notice that hyperlink(s) and bold appear in your BWS note.
  6. When you have finished adding custom Notes to your BWS guide, delete the temporary note in your Note file.


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