Morphological Search

Page Contents

What is a morphological search for?

You can use Morph Search to search in a Greek, Hebrew, Aramaic, or Syriac morphologically-tagged resource by the grammatical features of a word. For example, you could find all places where the verb γινώσκω (to know) appears in the passive voice.

How do I do a morphological search?

The numbers in the instructions below refer to this diagram:

1. Open a Search panel by clicking on the magifying glass icon in the upper left of the Logos window.
2. Select Morph as the search type from choices on the right side, if it isn’t already selected.
3. Click where it says “All Resources,” and choose a morphologically-tagged resource (Bible or otherwise), or a collection that includes some, or leave it set to All Resources. In addition to original language resources, you can also do Morph searches in Reverse Interlinears. The list of morph resources will differ depending on what you’ve got in your library, but it will generally look like this. (You’ll need to scroll to the bottom of the listbox, past Collections and Series to see this list.)

4. Choose a specific morphology to use. Different resources in Logos use different methods of morphological tagging (see why) and you can only search one system of tagging at a time. If you’re only searching in one resource, the dropdown list will only show the morphologies supported in that resource. Your choice among them is self-evident (e.g., Greek, Hebrew, or Aramaic). But if you want to search many resources, the dropdown list can be a bit overwhelming. If you’re not sure which morphology you need, temporarily select the one resource you most to want to search, and choose its morphology. You can then switch back to searching your entire library, and Logos will search all resources that support the morphology you have chosen. These are most of the available morphologies at present:

The most commonly used ones are these:

  • Andersen-Forbes Hebrew/Aramaic for RI’s, AFAT & Lexham resources (Logos’ preferred morph)
  • Logos Greek for RI’s and Lexham Greek resources, including Septuagint (Logos’ preferred morph)
  • WIVU for BHS/WIVU resource
  • Westminster for other BHS resources
  • others depend on one’s Library

5. If you wish, choose what search fields you want to limit the search to by clicking on “All Morph Text” to drop down the list and turning on the appropriate checkbox(es). This list will also vary according to what resource you’ve selected. Here are a couple of examples of what it might look like:

Note: You can only use search fields with original language versions, not Reverse Interlinears.

6. Also optionally select what reference range you want to limit the search to. Click where it says “All Passages” (or whatever had been selected there before) to drop down the list. Then select one of the Common Divisions or a named range you’ve created before, or a Passage List, or type a specific range in the “New reference range” box (6a). You don’t need to give it a name, but if you think you might use this range again later, type a name for it in the “Range title” box (6b) and click Save (6c). Again, your list will look different than this, but it’s organized this way.

If the “New reference range” box shows a red outline around it and the Save button is grey, you’ve typed an invalid referece range. Once you correct it, the red outline will go away and Save will be enabled.

7. [This step is optional] Type or copy and paste a search term, and choose the exact form of the word from the suggested matches displayed in the dropdown as you type. The ones with a gloss are lemmas. Logos will add the appropriate prefix (lemma:, greek:, hebrew:, etc.) to the form of the word you choose. You can of course type the prefix in yourself if you know you’ve got a lemma, for example, instead of selecting from the menu. See How to enter text in Greek and Hebrew

The next set of numbers refer to this diagram:

8. Type an @ sign after the word (or just type the @ sign if you’re not using a specific word), and a menu will drop down showing parts of speech.
9. Choose a part of speech from the menu, and the menu will expand out to the right, showing you all the other options that apply to that part of speech (9a). Select all the grammatical inflections you want to search for. You can select multiple entries in each column (no need to hold the Ctrl key down). Column selections will be ANDed and multiple row selections will be ORed when the search is executed. As you make your selections, you will see Logos build up the Morphology codes needed for this search (9b). You don’t need to learn these codes, as they will all be generated for you automatically by your menu selections. But if you’re curious or want to learn a few of the common ones so you can be super fast at entering some of these codes from the keyboard, you can look them up. See Morphology Codes.
10. When you’ve got the search set up the way you want it, click either the blue arrow at the right of the Find box or at the lower right of the menu. Or if you can press Escape to dismiss the menu if you want to make more changes in the search criteria before starting the search.

The next set of numbers refer to this diagram:

11. Once you get the search results, you can either click on a verse reference (to go to the start of the verse) or the highlighted word in that verse (to go to that search result).
12. If the resource you searched was a Bible, you can click on Graph results to see a graph of how these results are distributed throughout the Bible. (This option won’t be available for other books.)
13. If you find this search useful and want to mark all the search hits with some special highlighting, you can click on Make Filter to create a Visual Filter based on it.
14. As with other types of searches you can view the results in Verses view (the default) or Aligned or Analysis view.

If your Morph search was in a Bible, you can compare the results in different versions.

15. Click Add Versions:

A box will open up saying Resources, where you can type in the abbreviations of any versions you want to compare with, separated by commas.

Press <Enter> or click the blue arrow. You will now see the results displayed in columns.

Launching a Morph search from within a resource

You can also do a morph search from within a resource, either an original language resource or a Reverse Interlinear:

  1. Right-click on a word
  2. Make sure the Lemma tab is selected in the pop-up menu
  3. Choose the first Morph Search option (just the lemma) to open a Morph Search panel and start a search with no morphological qualifiers. (You can type a @ after the word once you get to the Morph Search panel and add the morphology. See above.)
  4. Choose the second Morph Search option (lemma with morphology) to open a Morph Search panel and search for this lemma with the same morphology as the word that you right clicked on.

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