Custom Highlighting: Orig Lang. (for Visual Filters)




Page Contents



Objective

  • Create a new Custom Highlighting Style which can be used with Visual Filter generation.
  • To get some background on what is being done here, please visit the posts below.
  • We will be building a Custom Highlighting Style which will allow you to select a specific original language word (e.g. LORD) and have it pre-appended the original language lemma to the English word. You could pre-append an English word instead if you prefer.
    • Since this is for a specific word, it is only useful if you are manually highlighting or using a Visual Filter.
    • An example from this exercise is shown below
      • How the text looked before using this filter:



      • After applying the Custom Highlighting style that is built using this wiki:



      • Or you could use an English word in your Custom Highlighting style instead of an original language word.



  • If you are not familiar with Highlighting or Visual Filter then click to learn more before starting this exercise.
  • After running through this exercise, you can experiment on building other highlighting styles to make the original language pop out at you as you read. (e.g. in the NT, try this with Agape (love), or Phileo (another kind of love) or Christos)
    • Remember in Visual Filter building and using the NT and Morph, to use the Logos Greek Morphology instead of Anderson-Forbes.




Building the Highlighting Style

  • Please follow the steps below.
    • It will guide you in building a specialize filter for the lemma YHWH, which is often translated as LORD in the Old Testament.
    • To use an English word, see notes at the end of this section.



  1. We will need a Bible which has a Reverse Interlinear for the Old Testament
    1. Open the ESV Bible.
    2. In the reference box, enter the passage Psalms 23:1
    3. In the ESV’s toolbar, click on the Reverse Interlinear button
  2. We want to have the RI navigate to the word LORD
    1. Click on the word LORD in the ESV in verse 1 (the English)
  3. Now in the RI, right click on the selected word (LORD).
  4. A pop-up menu appears
    1. On the right side of the pop-up, click on Lemma
    2. On the left side of the pop-up, click on Copy
    3. Logos now places a copy of the Hebrew lemma into the clipboard for you.
  5. Open the Highlighting tool



    1. In the top menu, click on Tools
    2. In the drop down menu, click on Highlighting (found on the left side)
    3. Now Logos opens the Highlighting window
    4. Locate one of your custom Palettes in the Highlighting window, then right click on your palette and select Add a New Style
      [Note: if you have not created any custom palettes, then first click on New Palette at the top of the Highlighting Tool. Then you can perform this step.]



  6. Now the Highlighting window shows you the custom highlighter editor.
    1. Look down at the bottom and click on the arrow to the left of Label Text (if it is not already expanded)
    2. In the box under Text Before, right click in it.
    3. in the pop-up menu, click on Paste. (this pastes the Hebrew lemma that we copied in step 4)
  7. Look in the top part of the window and click on the arrow to the left of Font Styling (if it is not already expanded)
    1. Click on the superscript button (X2)
    2. Click on the scaling and in the drop down menu select 80%
  8. Now click in the name box and give your highlighting style a name (e.g. YHWH)
  9. Now click on the OK button to save your new custom highlighting style.
  10. Now let’s try out the new highlighting style.
    1. Scroll to the bottom of the Highlighting window and click on your new highlighting style that you created above (YHWH).
      By selecting this style, text that we select in the ESV can have this style applied.
    2. In the ESV, use your mouse to select the word LORD (click in front of the word and drag while holding down the left button)
    3. Now on your keyboard press the key combination Ctrl K.
    4. Now the word LORD in the ESV that you highlight should look like this
    5. If you want to make changes, you can right click on your new style in the Highlighting window and select Edit and make changes. The changes will not show in your highlighted text in the ESV until you press the OK in the highlighting window.
  11. This concludes building a custom highlighted style.
    1. Now you should remove the manually highlighting that we applied to the ESV.
      1. Select the entire highlighted text in the ESV.
      2. Now on your keyboard press the key combination Ctrl Shift K. This removes the highlighting to the word LORD that we applied earlier.
    2. By removing the manually highlighted text, you should be ready to build a Visual Filter to use your new highlighting style.

  • You could use an English word instead of the Hebrew word (e.g. Yahweh or YHWH).
    • In step 6b, don’t right click, but left click.
    • In step 6c, don’t paste just type your English word.
    • This would allow you to skip steps 1c through 4.




Building a Visual Filter to use your Highlighting style

  • If you haven’t built your custom highlighting style first, please go here (Building the Highlighting Style) and do it
  • This will guide you in building a Visual Filter to use the custom highlighting style that you have built above.

  

  • First we need to create a new Visual Filter
  1. In the top menu, click on File
  2. In the drop down menu on the left, click on Visual Filter



  3. Now Logos has opened a new Visual Filter editing window.
  4. Now lets open the ESV Bible



    1. In the Command Box, type open esv and press enter.
    2. Logos opens the ESV Bible.
    3. You may want to arrange these 2 windows as shown in the large image under step 2 to help you find things.
    4. In the ESV reference box, enter the scripture reference Psalms 24:3
    5. Click on the Reverse Interlinear button in the ESV toolbar
  5. In verse 3 of the ESV click on the word LORD
    1. Notice in the RI that LORD is selected
    2. Right click on the select word in the RI.
    3. In the pop-up menu, on the right side click on Lemma
    4. In the pop-up menu, on the left side click on Copy (this copies the Hebrew for this word to the clipboard)
  6. In the Visual Filter editor window,
    1. Click in the name box
    2. Name your Visual Filter (e.g. LORD / YHWH)
  7. Select Morph in the filter type
  8. Select Anderson-Forbes Hebrew Morphology (since we are looking for words in the OT)
  9. Select ESV for the resource
  10. Select Old Testament for the range (since Hebrew words only appear in the OT)
  11. Now we will set the original language word that we want to be highlighted
    1. Click in the Find box on the left
    2. Type the text lemma: (don’t forget the colon) then on your keyboard press the key combination Ctrl V to paste the Hebrew word in.
    3. If a second copy of lemma: appears, click in the box and delete the first occurrence.
  12. Click the Formatting box to the right and in the drop down menu, scroll to the bottom and select the custom highlighting style that you created in the previous section (e.g. YHWH).
  13. In a few seconds you should see in the ESV the word LORD change to show the new highlighting. (click in the ESV window and scroll a little back and forth).
  • It is important to know that ever occurrence of the lemma that you used may not be translated as LORD. So where some occurrences of the highlighting show where they should not, you will understand what is happening. This exercise was to show you how to create original language highlighting and have it applied via Visual Filters.
    • If you really wanted to customize your filter for each true lemma that is LORD, you could build a Passage List (see Using Passage List to limit Visual Filters)
    • Possibly do a Morph Search on lemma:יהוה ANDEQUALS LORD, then create a Passage List.
    • Then in your Visual Filter change the Old Testament to the Passage List (step 10) that you built above.
  • You can use the Locator bar in the ESV to move between different highlighted text (see Finding Highlighted Text)


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