Custom Highlighting: Orig Lang. (for Visual Filters)

Page Contents


  • To build a custom Highlighting Style which will allow you to pre-append a specific original language word to text in a Reverse Interlinear bible.
    Or you can pre-append an English word instead.
  • After running through this exercise, you can build other highlighting styles to make the original language pop out as you read e.g. in the NT, try this with ἀγάπη (love) or φιλέω (brotherly love).

Building the Highlighting Style

  • Please follow the steps below.
    • It will guide you in building a specialize filter for the lemma YHWH, which is often translated as LORD in the Old Testament.
    • To use an English word, see notes at the end of this section.

  1. We will need a Bible which has a Reverse Interlinear for the Old Testament
    • Open the ESV Bible.
    • In the reference box, enter the passage Psalms 23:1
  2. Right click on the word LORD
  3. N/A
  4. A pop-up menu appears
    • On one side of the pop-up, click on Lemma (or the lemma symbol)
    • On the other side of the pop-up, click on Copy
  5. Open the Highlighting tool
    • Locate one of your custom Palettes in the Highlighting window, then right click and select Add a New Style
      • Click on New Palette if you do not have a custom Palette.
  6. Now the Highlighting window shows you the highlighting editor.
    • Look down at the bottom and click on Insert Text (was Label Text)
    • In the box under Text Before, right click in it.
    • in the pop-up menu, click on Paste. (this pastes the Hebrew lemma that we copied in step 4)
  7. Look in the top part of the window and click on Font Styling.
    • Click on the superscript button (X2)
    • Click on the scaling, and in the drop down menu select 80%
  8. Now click in the name box and give your highlighting style a name e.g. YHWH
  9. Now click on the OK button to save your new highlighting style.

Now let’s try out the new highlighting style.

  • In the ESV, use your mouse to select the word LORD.
  • Click on your new highlighting style.
  • Now the word LORD in the ESV that you highlight should look like this:

If you want to use an English word instead of the Hebrew word e.g. Yahweh.

  • Skip steps 2 through 4.
  • In step 6, just type your English word.
  • The word LORD should look like this after being highlighted:

Building a Visual Filter to use your Highlighting style

  • This will guide you in building a Visual Filter to use the custom highlighting style that you have built.
  1. Create a Morphological Visual Filter
  2. Select Logos Hebrew morphology
  3. Select ESV for the resource
  4. Select Old Testament for the range.
  5. Open the ESV Bible and right click the word LORD in Psalm 23:1
  6. Copy the lemma (see step 4 above).
  7. In the Search box, type the text lemma: (with the colon), then paste the Hebrew word
    • it should look like lemma:יהוה
  8. Click the Formatting box on the right, and select the highlighting style that you created previously.
    • In the ESV, you should see the word LORD change to show the new highlighting.
  • It is important to know that every occurrence of the lemma that you used may not be translated as LORD. So where some occurrences of the highlighting show where they should not, you will understand what is happening.
    • If you really wanted to customize your filter for each true lemma that is LORD, you could build a Passage List (see Using Passage List to limit Visual Filters)
    • Possibly do a Morph Search on lemma:יהוה INTERSECTS LORD, then create a Passage List.
    • Then in your Visual Filter (step 7) change the Old Testament to the Passage List.
  • You can use the Locator bar in the ESV to move between different highlighted text (see Finding Highlighted Text)

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