Logos 5: Bible Word Study

Logos Help | Guides | Bible Word Study

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Logos Videos
Feature Bible Word Study
Tutorial Bible Word Study Guide

See also
 Logos Bible Word Study Overview
 Logos 5: Generic Guide functions
 Graph Bible Search Results
 Logos 5: Bible Sense Lexicon

What is the Bible Word Study?

Use the Bible Word Study guide to find in-depth information about a specific word.
Logos Help | Guides | Bible Word Study

Available in:
Logos 4
Logos 5 and Verbum 5
iPhone
Android
iPad
Kindle Fire
How to use a BWS
All Roads Lead to the Text
Grasping God’s Word
Learn to Study the Bible


  • This page does not discuss functions that work across all guides such as the features built into the panel menu, section title bars, and document management tools. These can be found at Logos 5: Generic Guide functions.
    • On the forum and in this wiki the abbreviation BWS is often used for the Bible Word Study.
  • The Bible Word Study is a collection of tools for exploring a Bible word. It is useful when you want to learn about a specific word and how it is used throughout the Bible. It is used in conjunction with the Bible Sense Lexicon which emphasizes concepts.
  • To see how a specific word is used relative to a specific verse, the Exegetical Guide may be a better tool.
  • When you enter word or select a word for a Bible Word Study you get one of two forms:
    • If you enter an English word (or any word not in an original language) you will see this form.





  • If you enter an Original Language word (Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek) you will see this form.





  • Not all base packages include all features of the Bible Word Study. See Logos comparison chart for details.
  • Mobile platforms support a subset of BWS functions.
  • Phrases, Root and Senses are new in Logos 5.



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Concepts and terminology

Vocabulary from SIL



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Glossaries in Logos



These glossaries provide the vocabulary for the grammatical resources available in the Example Uses and Grammatical Relationships sections of the Bible Word Study.



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Logos Reading List




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How do I open the Bible Word Study?

Logos Help | Bible Word Study | Generate a Bible Word Study report

Useful set-up
Collection of reverse interlinear Bibles
Common elements
Context menu
Hover
Click
BWS | concordance entry of translation ring
BWS | related root of Root section
BWS | lemma of Senses section
EG | lemma of Word by Word
BSL | lemma of Bible Sense Lexicon
Search | document in My Content
Right click
On open Bible
Selection | Bible Word Study
Lemma | Bible Word Study


Opening from the Guides menu





  1. In the Toolbar click on the Guides menu.
  2. Click on Bible Word Study on the left side to open a blank guide in a new tab. Notice that hovering over Bible Word Study pops up a brief description of the BWS.
  3. To select a saved Bible Word Study, select the BWS from the list on the right side.

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Opening from a Bible



Note that when you open a BWS from a Bible, that Bible (assuming it is a reverse interlinear) will be treated as your preferred Bible in the BWS.

For a Bible Word Study on an English word





  1. In an open English Bible, select a word and right click to open the context menu.
  2. On the right side, select “Selection”.
  3. On the left side, click on “Bible Word Study”.
  4. This runs a BWS against all passages in the open English Bible. It opens in a new tab.

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For an original language Bible Word Study from a reverse interlinear Bible





  1. In a reverse interlinear Bible, select a word and right click to open the context menu.
  2. On the right side, select “Lemma”.
  3. One the left side, click on “Bible Word Study”.
  4. This runs a BWS against all passages selecting both the original language data and the corresponding English data from the open reverse interlinear Bible. It opens in a new tab.

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For an original language Bible Word Study from an original language Bible





  1. In an open original language Bible, select a word and right click to open the context menu.
  2. On the right side, select “Lemma”. Note that sometimes there are multiple lemma entries from which to choose.
  3. On the left side, click on “Bible Word Study”.
  4. This will run a BWS against all passages in the open original language Bible. The corresponding English data will be taken from your highest priority reverse interlinear Bible. It opens in a new tab.



Other ways to open a Bible Word Study
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How do I specify the parameters of my study?

How do I specify the word for the study?

Logos Help | Guides | Bible Word Study | Generate a Bible Word Study

Useful set-up
...| Program Settings | Transliteration format
Common elements
Hover
Click
Right click

If you have opened a BWS from the Guides Menu, the Add (+) Tab, or the Command box you will have to enter the word you want to study. All other methods will cause a BWS to be run on the word you selected using default settings or a saved BWS to be run.

If you have customized a Bible Word Study template and given it the name “My Bible Word Study”, the sections that appear, their sequence and the default setting will be based on your customized guide template.




  1. In the Reference box enter a word in English, Hebrew, Aramaic or Greek.

Original language words may be entered in several ways:

  • type in the original language and script (see: Greek and Hebrew keyboards and fonts).
  • copy and paste in the original language and script
  • for Greek: enter g: followed by the Greek word in transliteration
  • for Hebrew: enter h: followed by the Hebrew or Aramaic word in transliteration

Note: as you type an original language word, an auto-complete list of words (lemmas) and glosses appears. Selecting a word will auto-complete the typed word.


For additional detail
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How do I change the Bible range for the study?

Logos Help | Guides | Bible Word Study | Generate a Bible Word Study

Useful set-up
Set named search ranges
Create Passage List
Common elements
Logos predefined ranges
Hover
Click
Right click





  1. Choose the range of Scripture you wish to search. The default is “All Passages”. Logos 5 uses the Protestant canon and sequence; Verbum uses the Catholic canon and sequence. Clicking on the default opens a drop-down menu from which you can select:
  2. OR you may also create a new range by entering the reference in the New reference range field. If you do not wish to save the range for future Searches or Bible Word Studies, simply hit enter.
  3. If you want to save the range, provide a name in the Title field.
  4. Click on “Save” which will both save the named search range and enter it into the current BWS.



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What does the Add menu do?

Logos Help | Guides | Bible Word Study | Generate a Bible Word Study

Useful set-up
Common elements
Reverse interlinear Bibles
Hover
Click
Right click

You can insert additional sections into the Bible Word Study from the Add menu.




  1. Click on the Add function at the right side of the section title bar. Sections that may be added are displayed in black type in the drop down list.
  2. Click on the section you wish to add. For this example, an additional Greek Words section was chosen.





  1. On the Greek Words section that was added, click on Settings.
  2. Type in your choice of appropriate Bibles or select one from the auto-complete list. Hit enter.

Hebrew Words, Translation and Septuagint Translation sections work in the same way.

The order of the sections may be changed by drag-and-dropping the section title bar but note that these inserted sections do not change the underlying Guide template.


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What information does the Bible Word Study give me?

Note that the sections are listed in the order that they appear within the Logos help function

Title and Description section

Useful set-up
Common elements
Hover
Click
Right click
Copy
Paste

optional information entered by the user
Logos Help | Guides | Bible Word Study | Default sections | Title and Description




  1. Click on the section title bar to expand or collapse this section.
  2. Click here and add a Title. This helps you identify saved BWS’s.
  3. Click here if you want to add a description for this word’s study. Any thoughts regarding the BWS as a whole belong here.
  4. Logos will keep track of the Date/Time when the study was created or modified.

The content entered in this section is used in the basic Search and will appear in the My Content section.

The note text box, here and elsewhere in the guide, lacks any formatting functions. To utilizing formatting and the insertion of links, create you note in a standard Note Document, then copy and paste into the Bible Word Study.


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Definition section

Useful set-up
Prioritize English dictionaries
Create collection(s) for definitions
Add user Rating in library
Add Mytag in library
Common elements
Hover
Preview definition resource text
Preview resource information panel
Click
Open definition resource
Open Topic Guide
Open Sermon Starter Guide
Right click
Copy
Lookup
Power Lookup
Bible Word Study
Search
Open link
Open selected resources
Show information

Definitions of the word under study and appropriate topic links; English words only
Logos Help | Guides | Bible Word Study | Default sections | Definition (empty)





Overview:

  1. The Definition section title bar allows you to set the resources from which the definitions are drawn. By default the resources are those tagged by Logos as definitions for the Logos Controlled Vocabulary. Near synonyms may be included e.g. slander includes talebearing, calumny and disparaging.
  2. One definition is displayed; subsequent definitions can be viewed on mouse-over; additional definitions may be retrieved by clicking on “more”.
  3. When applicable, links to Topic Guides, saved or new, are provided.
  4. When applicable, links to Sermon Starter Guides are provided.
  5. Space is provided for user notes.






If you hover your mouse over the Definition section title bar, on the right you will see the Settings button.

  1. Click on Settings to open the setting options.
  2. Enter the group of resources you wish to search for definitions. You may enter the name or select from the an auto-complete list. The an auto-complete list offers groups in the following sequence:
    • Entire Library
    • Collections defined by Logos (Verbum only)
    • Collections defined by the user
    • Series as defined in the Library
    • Groups defined by user Rating in the Library; note that it screens on personal ratings not community ratings.
    • Groups defined by mytag in the Library






Definitions are shown in the following sequence:

  1. One definition is shown in expanded form. It is from your highest priority dictionary that contains an entry for the word under study. Clicking on the word will open the resource to the definition.Only if the English dictionaries have higher priority than the Bible dictionaries, will they appear first.
  2. The next group of definitions can be seen on a mouse over or one may open the resource to the definition by clicking on the word.
  3. Clicking on “more” will open a list all pertinent Logos-tagged definitions. By default this is your entire library; if you specified a subset in Settings results will be limited to the requested resources. The entries appear in Logos ranked order.





  1. Hovering over the word “lamb” provides a preview of the definition.






Notice that hovering accepts redirected definitions.




  1. Hovering on the resource title of a definition provides a brief description of the resource.



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Lemma section

Useful set-up
Prioritize Hebrew lexicons
Prioritize Greek lexicons
Common elements
Hover
Preview definition resource text
Frequency of word in Bible text
Click
Audio pronunciation
Open definition resource
Graph Bible Search Results
Right click
Lookup
Power Lookup
Bible Word Study
Search
Information
Open resource

Definitions of the word under study and appropriate topic links; original language words only
Logos Help | Guides | Bible Word Study | Default sections | Lemma (empty)




  1. The first item in the Lemma section is simply the word under study.
  2. Clicking on the speaker icon provides an aural pronunciation of the word. This feature is currently available only for Greek. Pronunciation style is set in Tools | Lookup | Pronunciation.
  3. The third item is the transliterated form of the word under study. Transliteration format is set in Tools | Program Settings | Transliteration Format.
  4. The fourth item is a gloss on the word. The source of this gloss is the Logos Lemma List.
  5. Below these items is a list of your lexicons and their gloss on the word.
    • On mouse-over the lexicon abbreviated title provides a pop-up with a preview of the lexicon’s entry for the word.
    • Clicking on the lexicon abbreviated title will open the lexicon in a new tab. It will open to the entry for the word under study. Remember the abbreviation of the resource is from Library | Abbreviated Title which may be modified by the user.
    • When a lexicon appears without a definition, the word under study does not appear as an entry in that lexicon.





  1. A density distribution bar appears in the upper right of the Lemma section. The data is based on your highest priority Bible.
  2. Clicking on “more” expands the list of lexicons and their glosses. On mouse-over the lexicon entry, a preview of the entry is shown.
  3. Space is provided for user notes.



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Distribution bar (common element)









The bar graph at the upper right of the Lemma section is a distribution bar a.k.a. spark graph or histogram. It appears with translation rings in Greek Words, Hebrew Words, Translation, and Septuagint Translation sections. It also appears in the Root and Senses sections.

  1. The number at the left of the graph is the total number of occurrences of the word that are translated in the passage range specified for the Bible Word Study.
    • On mouse-over, the total count will specify that the graph charts density in a pop-up. If density is not specified the graph charts frequency. Note that the actual numerical density is not available.
    • Clicking anywhere in the bar will open the Graph Bible Search Results pane in a new tab.
  2. Mouse-over a column position within the bar will give you the name of the book in the Bible and the number of occurrences of the bible study word that are translated in that book. The height of a column is determined by making the most frequent or highest density entry take up the full available height. All other columns a proportional to that entry/height. For the technically inclined that describes normalization.



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Translation ring (common element)



Translation rings pair an original language and a target language in a particular translations. It appears in several forms:

  • Hebrew (or Aramaic) to Greek for most of the Septuagint (Greek Old Testament)
  • Hebrew (or Aramaic) to English for the Hebrew Old Testament
  • Greek to English for Greek New Testament
  • English to Hebrew, Aramaic or Greek via reverse interlinears for an English Bible Study Word

This example is a Greek to English example.




  1. The section title bar shows the translation being used. In this case, the Greek is from the NRSV interlinear Bible and the English is from the NRSV itself.
  2. The Greek word in the center of the ring is the Bible Study Word i.e. the word upon which the BWS was run. Below the Greek is a gloss as seen in the an auto-complete list used when supplying the BWS parameters
  3. In the upper right is a density word distribution bar Note that this is your source for the total number of occurrences and the number of occurrences by Bible book.
  4. Each segment of the ring shows a particular translation of ἄβυσσος in the NRSV – abyss, pit and bottomless. The segment size is proportional to the percentages that the Greek word is translated by a particular English word in the NRSV. Clicking on a ring segment (in this example, the green segment) will (1) slide the ring segment out of the ring as a visual cue and (2) populate the concordance data below the ring. The color of the segment will match the color of other words sharing the same root.
  5. The concordance data begins with the English translation selected above. It also provides the actual count of times in the NRSV that this word translates the original Greek word. This distribution bar shows the occurrences of the Greek word by book of the Bible. The translation ring’s concordance gives the distribution of the occurrences across the English words that translate it.
  6. That actual concordance data is given by Bible references with the English word translating the Greek highlighted.
  7. While technically not part of the translation ring, each section containing a ring concludes with a standard Note text box.






Mouse-over a segment of the ring will create a pop-up window with a ring and distribution bar based on the gloss associated with that segment.




  1. Click on the gloss/head word at the top of the concordance to open a new BWS on the word





  1. Where the ring appears to dissolve in a gray gradations, there are too many entries in too small a space to be shown clearly. Mouse over the unseen segments will stillcreate a pop-up window with a ring and distribution bar based on the gloss associated with that segment. Clicking on the word in the center of the main ring brings up a concordance that includes the “missing” information.



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Translation section

Useful set-up
Prioritize reverse interlinear Bibles
Common elements
Distribution bar
Translation ring
Hover
Hits per book
Related translation ring & bar
Click
Open Bible Word Study
Open Bible
Right click
Copy
Save as
Send to Power Point
Print

A graph of words that the word being studied is translated into
Logos Help | Guides | Bible Word Study | Default sections | Translation


The data for this section comes from the user’s choice of reverse interlinear Bibles. This choice may be made by:

  • Using Settings on the section title bar to set the translation
  • Using the highest priority, applicable reverse interlinear Bible.

This section supports the following translations:

  • Source language: Hebrew —> Target language: English
  • Source language: Aramaic —> Target language: English
  • Source language: Greek —> Target language: English





  1. See Distribution bar (common element) for details.
  2. See Translation ring (common element) for details.
  3. See Translation ring (5 & 6) for concordance details.





  1. See Distribution bar (common element) for details.
  2. See Translation ring (common element) for details.
  3. See Translation ring (5 & 6) for concordance details.



For additional detail
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Septuagint Translation section

Useful set-up
Prioritize reverse interlinear Bibles
Common elements
Distribution bar
Translation ring
Hover
Hits per book
Related translation ring & bar
Click
Open Bible Word Study
Open Bible
Right click
Copy
Save as
Send to Power Point
Print

A graph of Hebrew words that are translated from the Greek word being studied which is found in the Septuagint
Logos Help | Guides | Bible Word Study | Default sections | Septuagint Translation


The data for this section comes from the reverse interlinear LXX Bible. This section supports the following translation:

  • Source language: Greek —> Target language: Hebrew





  1. See Distribution bar (common element) for details.
  2. See Translation ring (common element) for details.
  3. See Translation ring (5 & 6) for concordance details.



For additional detail
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Hebrew words section

Useful set-up
Prioritize reverse interlinear Bibles
Common elements
Distribution bar
Translation ring
Hover
Hits per book
Related translation ring & bar
Click
Open Bible Word Study
Open Bible
Right click
Copy
Save as
Send to Power Point
Print

A Graph pf Hebrew words that are translated into the word being studied
Logos Help | Guides | Bible Word Study | Default sections | Hebrew Words


The data for this section comes from the user’s choice of reverse interlinear Bibles. This choice may be made by:

  • Using Settings on the section title bar to set the translation
  • Using the highest priority, applicable reverse interlinear Bible.

This section supports the following translations:

  • Source language: English —> Target language: Hebrew





  1. See Distribution bar (common element) for details.
  2. See Translation ring (common element) for details.
  3. See Translation ring (5 & 6) for concordance details.



For additional detail
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Greek words section

Useful set-up
Prioritize reverse interlinear Bibles
Common elements
Distribution bar
Translation ring
Hover
Hits per book
Related translation ring & bar
Click
Open Bible Word Study
Open Bible
Right click
Copy
Save as
Send to Power Point
Print

a graph of Greek words that are translated into the word being studied
Logos Help | Guides | Bible Word Study | Default sections | Greek Words


The data for this section comes from the user’s choice of reverse interlinear Bibles. This choice may be made by:

  • Using Settings on the section title bar to set the translation
  • Using the highest priority, applicable reverse interlinear Bible.

This section supports the following translations:

  • Source language: English —> Target language: Greek





  1. See Distribution bar (common element) for details.
  2. See Translation ring (common element) for details.
  3. See Translation ring (5 & 6) for concordance details.



For additional detail
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Root section

Useful set-up
Set pronunciation style
Set transliteration format
Common elements
Distribution bar
Hover
Click
Graph Bible Search Results
Morph search for root
Bible Word Study
Right click
Lookup
Power Lookup
Perseus Web Lookup
Search
Open lexicons
Bible Word Study
Information

Shows all the roots of the word being studied and all the lemmas derived from those roots
Logos Help | Guides | Bible Word Study | Default sections | Roots




  1. The root of the word under study serves as the heading. Below it are listed all the words in the Bible which share this root. Affixes combined with the roots are not explicitly shown.
  2. The gloss of the root is the Logos supplied gloss (as in an auto-complete list).
  3. A standard frequency distribution bar shows the use of words based on the root across the books of the Bible.
  4. Detail entries below the line give similar information about the lemmas derived from the root:
    • the lemma derived from the root; the lemma in bold is the word which is being studied, the others are cognates of it
    • clicking on the speaker icon provides an aural pronunciation of the word. This feature is currently available only for Greek. Tools | Lookup | Pronunciation allow you to set the pronunciation style.
    • the Greek lemma is shown in transliteration. Tools | Program Settings | Transliteration Format allows you to set the transliteration format.
    • the gloss of the word is the Logos supplied gloss (as in drop down menus).
    • a standard frequency distribution bar shows the use of words based on the root across the books of the Bible.
  5. Clicking on the lemma on the details line will open a BWS on that word.
  6. As usual, the section closes with a Note text box for your personal observations.



For additional detail
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Senses section

Useful set-up
Common elements
Distribution bar
Hover
Sense definition
Click
Bible Sense Lexicon
Bible Word Study
Right click
Lookup
Power lookup
Bible Word Study
Search
Information
Open top dictionaries

Shows the sense identifier rendered as the label, the part of speech, the definition and a list of lemmas
Logos Help | Guides | Bible Word Study | Default sections | Senses


This section is supported by the Bible Sense Lexicon which is not available in all packages. Currently the Lexicon only includes nouns.




  1. The sense identifier is the first element in this section.
  2. The part of speech of the sense identifier is given using the traditional English dictionary list.
  3. A standard frequency distribution bar shows the use of words based on the root across the books of the Bible. This distribution bar lacks the standard link to Graph Bible Search Results as the distribution bar is concept rather than word based.
  4. A definition of the sense identifier is shown.
  5. The Bible word under study is given in original form. As indicated by mouse-over, clicking on the word will open a new BWS. This is frequently the BWS you are currently viewing.
  6. The Bible word under study is given in the transliterated form.
  7. A portion of the senses hierarchy is shown with the sense under study as the terminal sense.
  8. Mouse-over a sense in the senses hierarchy provides the definition of the sense. Clicking on a sense will open the Bible Sense Lexicon to that sense.
  9. As usual, the section closes with a Note text box for your personal observations.



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Example Uses section

Useful set-up
Common elements
Hover
Click
Right click

Shows examples of how the word is used in different verses in aligned view and grouped grammatically
Logos Help | Guides | Bible Word Study | Default sections | Example Uses


“The ‘Example Uses’ section basically takes some options from the ‘Verses’ view of Grammatical Relationships. If you click on ‘Settings’, you’ll see an option for ‘Verses’ or ‘By Related Word’.

The ‘Example Uses’ section takes examples from there; basically up to three examples for every section (Subject, Object, Verb, etc.) where the three examples all use different words. The word δοξα gives some good examples on what sorts of things show up in ‘Verses’, and then how that maps to ‘Example Uses’. ”
Quotation source




  1. This toggle switch determines if the original language or English is used for the Example Uses section. Logos’ processing routine determines which occurrence appear as examples.
  2. The examples are sorted by grammatical function – subject, object etc. The selection of the grammar is shown below.
  3. The English translations of the Bible word under study are aligned. Note that the Logos’ selection routine gives precedence to unlike translations.
  4. Mouse-over on the example provides the full verses in your highest priority English Bible in a pop-up window.
  5. As usual, the section closes with a Note text box for your personal observations.





  1. With the toggle switch set to the original language, Greek, the selection of examples differs but the section layout remains unchanged.
  2. While the text of the examples is now Greek, the pop-up remains your highest priority English Bible.





  1. Standard mouse-over a Bible reference provides the text of the reference in you highest priority English Bible. There is no way to bring up the Greek text.



Settings are available to control the grammatical options behind the examples. The settings are available from the section title bar and the right click on the title in that bar i.e. the standard locations. An example of how the settings effect the output.


Options available for Greek:




OpenText.org Greek Grammatical Relationships




 Cascadia Syntax Graphs Grammatical Relationships




Available Hebrew & Aramaic grammars:

  • Default Grammatical Relationships
  • Anderson-Forbes Hebrew Grammatical Relationships

Available Greek grammars:

  • Default Grammatical Relationships
  • OpenText.org Greek Grammatical Relationships
  • Cascadia Syntax Graphs Grammatical Relationships



For additional detail
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Grammatical Relationships section

Useful set-up
Prioritize English Bibles
Prioritize Hebrew Bibles
Prioritize Greek Bibles
Set pronunciation style
Set transliteration format
Common elements
Hover
Contents of reference
Click
Expand/contract entry
Pronunciation of word
Right click
Copy
Search
Information

Shows the word as it is used in various grammatical/syntactic contexts, with concordance instances grouped under the various constructions in which they appear
Logos Help | Guides | Bible Word Study | Default sections | Grammatical Relationships




  1. The abbreviation for the syntax analysis (clause visualization) resource used is given on the title bar.
  2. The grammatical (syntatical) relationship is given for the set of concordance entries is given.
  3. In the default sequence, by related word, the grammatically related word is given. In this example the grammatical relationship is subject and the related word is the verb of which it is the subject. The elements, in order are,
    • the word in its original script
    • clicking on the speaker icon provides an aural pronunciation of the word. This feature is currently available only for Greek. Tools | Lookup | Pronunciation allows you to set the pronunciation style.
    • the word in transliteration. Tools | Program Settings | Transliteration Format allows you to set the transliteration format.
    • a gloss on the word from the Logos list
    • a count of the occurrences
  4. The reference is given along with the contents of that reference in the original language and the English translation. As usually, these are based on your prioritization of resources in the Library. Note that both the lemma under study in the BWS and the related word (see above) are highlighted.
  5. As usual, the section closes with a Note text box for your personal observations.

The following diagram shows the relationship between the entry in the Grammatical Relationships section and the Clause Visualization that the entry represents.








Options that are available from the Title bar are:

  1. Click on Settings on the Title bar to change settings.
  2. Choose the format for display:
    • by related word is the default and is used in the Hebrew example above or
    • verses shows only the reference and its content; it is used in this Greek example.
  3. Choose the resource you wish to draw your data from (search).
  4. The reference is given along with the contents of that reference in the original language and the English translation. As usually, these are based on your prioritization of resources in the Library. Note the lemma under study is highlighted.



For additional detail
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Preposition Use section

Useful set-up
Common elements
Hover
Preview of Information panel
Click
Right click

no description given
Logos Help | Guides | Bible Word Study | Default sections | Preposition Use

To understand the preposition use section, it may be helpful to look at a parallel chart used for English as a second language:







The Greek preposition chart:

  1. Each preposition is shown with a diagrammatic explanation of its meaning. Prepositions that are faded out do not occur with the word under study as their object.
  2. Prepositions that are shown in bold do occur with the word under study as their object. The grammatical case taken by the object is shown after the preposition when it distinguishes the meaning of the preposition.
    • A: accusative
    • G: genitive
    • D: dative
  3. Hovering over the preposition will result in an animated arrow showing the movement implied; this does not apply to all prepositions.
  4. Hovering over the preposition will also open a pop-up window containing:
    • A heading (“Greek Le mma”)
    • The preposition in the original script
    • The preposition in transliteration
    • The number of occurrences of the preposition with the word that is the subject of the Bible Word Study. Note that where the case distinguishes between meanings of the preposition, the count is for the preposition with the object in the specified case.
    • The Logos gloss for the preposition (lemma).





  1. Clicking on the preposition will open up the concordance for the preposition.
  2. The heading for the preposition with the following elements:
    • the word in its original script
    • clicking on the speaker icon provides an aural pronunciation of the word. This feature is currently available only for Greek. Tools | Lookup | Pronunciation allows you to set the pronunciation style.
    • the word in transliteration. Tools | Program Settings | Transliteration Format allows you to set the transliteration format.
    • a gloss on the word from the Logos list
    • the number of occurrences of the preposition with the word that is the subject of the Bible Word Study.
  3. an expand/contract title bar giving:
    • the case of the word that is the subject of the Bible Word Study and the grammatical object of the preposition
    • the number of occurrences of of the preposition with the word under study in the specified case
    1. The reference is given along with the contents of that reference in the original language and the English translation. As usually, these are based on your prioritization of resources in the Library. Note the lemma under study and the preposition are highlighted.
  4. As usual, the section closes with a Note text box for your personal observations.






While the Hebrew works in the same way as the Greek, the available prepositions are more limited, resulting in a different diagram. No prepositions need to be qualified by case in Hebrew.


For additional detail
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Phrases section

Useful set-up
Common elements
Hover
Gloss on Bible Facts entry
Reference content
Click
Bible Search
Bible Facts
Topic Guide
Right click
Search library
Open dictionary
Bible Facts
Look up
Bible Word Study
Power Look Up
Information

Shows any phrases containing the word that the Bible Word Study was run on.
Logos Help | Guides | Bible Word Study | Default sections | Phrases


The data for this section is the Logos maintained Phrase Concordance.



  1. Each entry in this section begins with a phrase that includes the Bible word under study. Clicking on this entry initiates a Bible Search.
  2. A short description of the meaning of the phrase is given. This definition may include Bible references which exhibit the the usual mouse-over showing text behavior.
  3. A link (click on link to activate) takes one to one or more Topic Guides or Bible Facts.
  4. If a Topic exists, the Bible Facts is not shown.
  5. As usual, the section closes with a Note text box for your personal observations.

Mouse-over on blue text provides detailed information on the action of clicking, a preview of the applicable text or a definition of a term.

Mouse-over entry:




Mouse over reference:




Mouse over Bible Facts link:




Mouse over Topic Guide link:




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Textual Searches section

Useful set-up
Prioritize Bibles
Common elements
Hover
Click
Search
Right click

Shows the high-level results of searching for the given lemma across the library.
Logos Help | Guides | Bible Word Study | Default sections | Textual Searches




  1. The textual search provides a count of the occurrences of your Bible search word by category. These categories vary by language. Clicking on the category title will initiate the search, displaying the details.
  2. As usual, the section closes with a Note text box for your personal observations.
  3. The results are limited by the search passage range. See last Greek example below.

Examples of the searches initiated from the Textual Search section:


English example:



Hebrew example:



Greek Biblical example:



Greek apostolic fathers examples



Greek Biblical example with BWS constrained to Pauline Epistles collection



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Common Functions



A number of features are available across many Logos guides and tools. They are listed here as reminders with links to the appropriate wiki page.

Click pane icon Section title bar Mouse over passage reference
* font size adjustment * Right click: expand * display passage content
* undo * Right click: move up
* redo * Right click: move down
* refresh guide * Right click: settings
* edit guide template * Right click: refresh
* delete this guide * Right click: add notes
* print/export * Right click: copy
* show reading view * Right click: delete
* copy this panel to a new tab * Click: settings
* float this panel * Click: delete
* copy location as URL * Drag and drop: reorder sections
* copy location as HTML
* copy location as WIKI
* copy location as RL
* close

Mouse over resource image Right click on graphic Panel menu
* abbreviated information section * copy * highly variable: examples
* save as * show information
* send to PowerPoint * copy
* Print * look up
* look up in a new tab
* power lookup
* search entire library



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Frequently Asked Questions



Question: I entered a word but am getting no response. Why?
Answer: The Bible Word Study works off Logos data sets. If you enter a word it does not know, you get no responses. Begin entering your word again. When the drop down list appears, select the appropriate word form (lemma) from the list.


Question: What are the numbers that the system insists on putting in front of my word?
Answer: The numbers distinguish between the various homographs to identify the lemma you are requesting (or receiving) information about. The lemma numbers are assigned by Logos and do not correspond to any particular lexicon. They are not to be confused with the sense numbers used in the Bible Sense Lexicon. These numbers may also be used in searches to limit the search to a single homograph – in a Bible search in the form of:

and in a morphology search in the form of:



Question: The BWS doesn’t seem to be using my highest priority Bible. Why?
Answer: If you opened a new BWS from a Bible, that Bible (if it is a reverse interlinear Bible) will be treated as the highest priority Bible. If you opened a pre-existing BWS it will retain the Bible that it was run against.


Question: Why does the number of verses containing the word differ when I do a BWS vs. a lemma morphological search on the same lemma? Or between the Lemma section and the Translation ring sections?
Answer a: The morphological search will count the lemma when it appears in the original language but not in the translation (English); the BWS counts it only if it is in the translation (English). You can verify this by making a passage list of the BWS references, a passage list of the Search references and creating a merged symmetrical differences between them. This identifies the original language occurrences that are not translated.
Answer b: The morphological search will count a verse only once. Because the translation ring is subdivided by the word in the target language (English) a verse will be counted twice if the same original language word has multiple translations in the same verse.


Question: When I open the Graph Bible Search from a distribution or density bar, my counts for individual books don’t always match. Which is right?
Answer: See the question immediately above. The Graph Bible Search shows the results as if a lemma morphological search had been run even if you open it from a BWS.


Question: Why aren’t there any results in the Example Uses section even though my word is in the Bible?
Answer: Example Uses are drawn from the Grammatical Relationships section. The rules favor nouns over verbs and require enough similar example to build the simplified Example Uses section. Don’t expect any results for grammatical particles or uncommon words.


Question: Where is the Hebrew Grammatical Relationships information taken from?
Answer: The data comes from the The Hebrew Bible: Andersen-Forbes Analyzed Text (AFAT). Logos has created a database from this resource. See the left hand column of Logos Help | About Logos Bible Software | Bible Word Study.


Question: Why do my results show more than one root?
Answer: Multiple roots can be shown for several reasons:

  • The word is a compound comprised of multiple roots; note that most affixes are not roots.
  • The word may be derived from either of two words – all generally accepted options are shown.
  • The word may be a proper name in addition to its common meaning. Proper names are treated as separate roots.



Question: I thought Hebrew and Aramaic were based on three consonant verbal roots. Why do I have roots in other forms?
Answer: Logos has adopted a multilevel model of roots that permits lemmas to be derived from other lemmas. See the forum post response by Vincent Setterholm for details.


Question: What is the source of the Greek roots?
Answer: The root associations themselves in Logos go back to Liddell & Scott’s middle version. See the forum post response by Rick Brannan for details.


Question: How do I build a search that shows all prepositional use rather than preposition by preposition as in the Prepositional Use section?
Answer: Do a syntax search with the word under study as the object of a preposition. Here is an example:



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Additional Information

Other ways to open a Bible Word Study

Opening from another Bible Word Study

From a translation ring





  1. Click on the appropriate section title bar (Greek Words, Hebrew Words, Translations, Septuagint Translation) to expand the section.
  2. Click on a section of the ring or the tag of the section. This will pull the portion outward and list the occurrences of the word below the ring.
  3. Click on the lemma title at the top of the list. Note that on mouse over, the link to a new Bible Study Word is displayed.

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From the Root section





  1. Click on the Roots section title bar to expand the section.
  2. Click on the desired lemma. Note that on mouse over, the link to a new Bible Study Word is displayed.

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From the Senses section





  1. Click on the Senses section title bar to expand the section.
  2. Click on the desired lemma. Note that on mouse over, the link to a new Bible Study Word is displayed.

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Opening from an Exegetical Guide





  1. Expand the Word-by-Word section of the Exegetical Guide by clicking on the section title bar.
  2. Click on the lemma (note the mouse-over cue).
  3. This will run a BWS based upon your Bible priorities. It opens in a new tab.

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Opening from a Bible Sense Lexicon





  1. In the left panel, click on the lemma (note the mouse-over cue).
  2. This will run a BWS based upon your Bible priorities. It opens in a new tab.

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  • A Basic Search will select a Bible Word Study if any of the following criteria is met:
    • The search word has a BWS built on it
    • The user defined title of a BWS includes the search word
    • User notes in the BWS include the search word.
    1. Under My Content, click on the Bible Word Study you wish to view.
    2. This will run a BWS based upon your Bible priorities. It opens in a new tab.

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Opening from an Add Tab






Opening a Bible Word Study via the Tab Menu behaves the same as opening via the toolbar Guide tab.

  1. Click on the plus sign to the right of the last tab in a pane.
  2. In the page that opens, select Bible Word Study.

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Opening from the Command Box









Opening a Bible Word Study via the Command Box behaves the same as opening via the toolbar Guide tab.

  1. Enter “open BWS” or “open Bible Word Study”
  2. Select Guides | Bible Word Study
  3. Hit enter.

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Logos Bible Software Wiki

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